Cơ Cấu Sản Phẩm
According to the Japan Software Association (JISA), the value of the country’s software market reached US$170 billion in 2008. The country paid $3.9 billion to foreign software outsourcing firms. China and India accounted for almost all of the $3.9 billion. However, Vietnam impressively developed in recent years to become the third-largest software outsourcing partner of Japan in 2008. Yet, it accounted for merely 0.5 percent of the $3.9 billion sum.
Many software firms in Vietnam earn their entire revenue from Japan. Vietnam’s largest software company, FPT, obtains up to 56 percent of total revenue from this market. Japan’s big software groups like Hitachi, NEC and Fujitsu have opened subsidiaries in Vietnam and they are developing very fast to satisfy outsourcing contracts from the parent companies.
“After five years, from zero, Vietnam has become the third-largest partner in software outsourcing with Japan, accounting for 0.5 percent of the market and we are the most favourite partner,” said Nguyen Doan Hung, vice chairman of the Vietnam – Japan IT Cooperation Club.
“The opportunity for cooperation is huge. If we do well, we can raise our market share by ten times, to 5 percent in the next five years,” Hung said.
According to IT experts, human resources is the key for the development of the software industry and the IT sector in general. The shortage of IT personnel is the common issue of all countries, especially developing countries. This is a chance for some developing countries which have big and well-trained populations like China and India to gain success.
In recent years, Vietnam has realised this opportunity and the Vietnamese government has declared it will train 1 million IT staffs by 2020.
According to the Vietnam Software Association (Vinasa), the country currently has around 15,000 IT engineers, which is too modest compared to big rivals like China and India. On the other hand, these workers are not qualified enough to take on big and complicated contracts.
Talking about the goal of training one million IT technicians by 2020, Vinasa’s vice chairman Nguyen Dinh Thang said that this target is feasible because Vietnam has the conditions for this.
Thang identified four major factors that could facilitate the achievement of this goal.
Firstly, the Vietnamese government pays special attention to the IT industry. In June 2009, the Prime Minister approved the comprehensive plan to develop IT human resources to 2015 and the vision to 2020. This plan aims to make a breakthrough in IT training quality and ensure that around 30 percent of IT students are able to join the international labour market after leaving university. The government will spend 900 billion dong (US$53 million) to implement this plan.
Secondly, the international trend of mobile IT human resources in the context of global economic recession also creates good conditions for Vietnam. Foreign technology firms are seeking developing countries that have young and cheap IT human resources.
Thirdly, the local need for IT has become stronger. In the time of recession, local businesses are keen on seeking hi-tech applications to cut management costs and to enhance their competitiveness.
Fourthly, Vietnam’s technological basis is good enough, especially in telecom and Internet, to meet the needs of IT training.
“This is the time for developing the software industry. The determination of the Party, the Government and businesses, plus the young workforce of Vietnam, will be the firm basis for the country to achieve the target of having 1 million IT workers in the next ten years,” said Vinasa’s vice chairman Nguyen Dinh Thang.
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